Who was Shahjahan quizlet?
Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India from 1628 to 1658. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu Rajput wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani. The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra.
Why was the Taj Mahal originally built quizlet?
Why was the Taj Mahal built? It was built to serve as tomb for the Shah Jahan’s favorite wife.
Who was Akbar the Great quizlet?
Akbar the Great, Muslim emperor of India, established a sprawling kingdom through military conquests, but is known for his policy of religious tolerance. Akbar created a very efficient bureaucracy system to control his empire. He appointed mansabars to look after the small religions. Akbar died in 1605.
Who commissioned the Taj Mahal quizlet?
Terms in this set (9) After the death of his beloved wife, Shah Jahan constructed the Taj Mahal also known as the Luminous Tomb to bury his wife in a suitable resting place. Where is the Taj Mahal located?
What is the significance of Shah Jahan quizlet?
(1592-1666) He was the Mughal Emperor who constructed the Peacock Throne, and built the Taj Mahal in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. His reign led to the golden age of Mughal art and architecture.
How did Shah Jahan weaken the Mughal Empire?
But though the splendour of the Mughal court reached its zenith under him, he also set in motion influences that finally led to the decline of the empire. His expeditions against Balkh and Badakhshān and his attempts to recover Kandahār brought the empire to the verge of bankruptcy.
Who was Aurangzeb quizlet?
Aurangzeb: son and successor of Shah Jahan; pushed extent of Mughal control in India, the empire reached its greatest extent; reversed previous policies to purify Islam of Hindu influences; incessant warfare depleted the empire’s resources; died in 1707.
What does Shah Jahan build as a tomb for his wife?
The Taj Mahal was built as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”) by her husband, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58). She died in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612.
What is Shah AP world history?
Shah. An ancient Persian term for king reintroduced in the early 1500s during the expansion of safavid empire.
What is the Mughal Empire quizlet?
STUDY. Mughal Empire. An Islamic empire, established in India following the defeat of the Delhi Sultanate by Babur in 1526. The Mughal Empire conquered much of the Indian Subcontinent and unified it by creating a strong centralized government. India included two major religious groups: Hindus and Muslims.
How were Akbar and Aurangzeb different?
Aurangzeb was simple and frugal in habits and he scrupulously avoided luxuries. Akbar came to the throne a peaceful, legitimate manner, but Aurangzeb caused his father to be imprisoned and his brothers to be murdered so that he could himself become the Emperor.