What are the precautions for tuberculosis?
Patients with possible TB infection are placed in Airborne Precautions. Anyone who enters the room of a patient in Airborne Precautions should wear an N-95 respirator mask. Always remember to wear an N-95 respirator mask when entering an Airborne Precautions room. Only approved respirator masks can be worn.
What are the causes of TB meningitis?
Tuberculous meningitis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB). The bacteria spread to the brain and spine from another place in the body, usually the lung. Tuberculous meningitis is very rare in the United States.
Which of the following precautions should be used for a patient with tuberculous meningitis?
TB airborne precautions should be initiated for any patient who has signs or symptoms of TB disease (suspected TB), or who has documented infectious TB disease and remains infectious in spite of treatment.
What type of precautions should you use when dealing with a patient who has active TB?
Patients with confirmed infectious TB or those being evaluated for active TB disease should be kept in airborne isolation precautions until active TB disease is ruled out or the patient is deemed to be noninfectious.
What precautions are used for bacterial meningitis?
What infection control precautions are required? Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required.
Is meningitis contact or airborne?
Bacterial meningitis is NOT spread through casual contact or the airborne route; however, some bacteria can be spread by close contact with respiratory droplets (e.g., in daycare centers).
Is TB a airborne or droplet precaution?
Airborne precautions are required to protect against airborne transmission of infectious agents. Diseases requiring airborne precautions include, but are not limited to: Measles, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Varicella (chickenpox), and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
How does TB meningitis cause hydrocephalus?
The exact pathogenesis of hydrocephalus in tuberculous meningitis is unclear. The hydrocephalus is probably a result of basal adhesive meningeal reaction wherein the flow of the CSF is obliterated in its course from the point of exit from the fourth ventricle to the site of its absorption in the arach- noid villi.