# What are normal cervical ranges of motion?

## What are normal cervical ranges of motion?

The cervical spine’s range of motion is approximately 80° to 90° of flexion, 70° of extension, 20° to 45° of lateral flexion, and up to 90° of rotation to both sides.

## How is range of motion measured?

Range of motion is measured by your physical therapist using a device called a goniometer. A goniometer is a metal or plastic handheld device with two arms. Numbers representing angular distance are on the device, much like a protractor.

What is normal thoracic range of motion?

In flexion/extension, the whole thoracic region, with exception of T1-T2 (14°), had an average ROM between 6° and 8°. In lateral bending, the upper thoracic region (T1-T7) was, with an average ROM between 10° and 12°, more flexible than the lower thoracic region (T7-T12) with an average ROM between 8° and 9°.

How do you find the range of motion?

### Why do we measure range of motion?

Range of motion, also known as ROM, is a measure of flexibility involving ligaments, tendons, muscles, bones, and joints, so testing for ROM is essential in determining fitness and in assessing possible damage.

### What is the range of motion for the cervical spine?

This group of motion segments starts with the C2 vertebra near the top of the cervical spine and ends in the mid-cervical spine at the C5 vertebra. The C2-C5 motion segments contribute the most to the mid-range of motion during the neck’s forward and/or backward movements.

How to measure cervical flexion?

tape measure Start in upright zero starting position End with measurement at end of ROM with patient putting hand on buttocks & bending backwards Lateral flexion Standing with cervical, thoracic, & lumbar pine in 00of flexion, extension & rotation Stabilize

How to measure cervical rotation?

Patient is relaxed in supine

• Examiner fully flexes the cervical spine with the occiput resting against the examiners abdomen
• The patient’s head is then rotated to the left and the right
• ## How to measure cervical extension?

Extension. Standing with cervical, thoracic, & lumbar pine in 0 0 of lateral flexion & rotation: Stabilize pelvis to prevent anterior tilting: Measure distance between spinous processes of C7 & S1 with tape measure: Start in upright zero starting position: End with measurement at end of ROM with patient putting hand on buttocks & bending