How do you assess genu varum?
A physical examination and an X-ray are used to confirm the diagnosis of genu varum, as well as to determine the condition of the bones and joints. A device called a goniometer is used to measure the degree of abnormal bowing.
Is genu varum normal?
Genu varum is a normal condition in children up to 18 months of age. Because of the way their bodies are positioned in the uterus, almost all babies are born bowlegged. Once they begin to walk and their legs start to bear weight, their legs usually straighten out.
What is genu varum better known as?
Bow legs (or genu varum) is when the legs curve outward at the knees while the feet and ankles touch. Infants and toddlers often have bow legs. Sometimes, older kids do too.
What is genu varum deformity?
Varus knee is a condition that’s commonly referred to as genu varum. It’s what causes some people to be bowlegged. It happens when your tibia, the larger bone in your shin, turns inward instead of aligning with your femur, the large bone in your thigh. This causes your knees to turn outward.
What muscles are weak in genu varum?
More specifically, the genu varum group had a weak vastus lateralis, whereas the genu valgum group had a weak vastus medialis. Also, the vastus medialis in the genu valgum group showed higher activity at 60° of knee flexion.
At what age is maximum physiological genu varum?
Genu varum is physiologic in neonates and infants and reaches its peak between 6 to 12 months. During normal growth the tibiofemoral angle reaches zero between 18 to 24 months, after which it turns into a physiologic genu valgus, finally reaching the adult configuration by the age of 6 to 7 years.
What does genu varum mean in anatomy?
Genu varum is a Latin term used to describe bow legs. This condition may present from infancy through adulthood and has a wide variety of causes. As it becomes more severe, the patient may exhibit lateral knee thrust and a waddling gait.
Is genu varum a disability?
Genu valgum, commonly called “knock-knee”, is a condition in which the knees angle in and touch each other when the legs are straightened. Individuals with severe valgus deformities are typically unable to touch their feet together while simultaneously straightening the legs….
How do you cure knock knees?
In most cases, knock knees don’t need to be treated because the problem tends to correct itself as a child grows. Your child doesn’t need to avoid physical activity, wear supportive leg braces or shoes, or do any special exercises.
What does genu varum mean?
U.S. National Library of Medicine (0.00 / 0 votes) Rate this definition: Genu Varum. An outward slant of the thigh in which the knees are wide apart and the ankles close together. Genu varum can develop due to skeletal and joint dysplasia (e.g., OSTEOARTHRITIS; Blount’s disease); and malnutrition (e.g., RICKETS; FLUORIDE POISONING).
What is genu valgum?
Genu valgum, also known as knock knees, is a common lower leg abnormality that is usually seen in the toddler, preschool and early school-age children. In genu valgum, the lower extremities turn inward, causing the appearance of the knees to be touching while the ankles remain apart.
What is a varus deformity?
Congenital hallux varus. Hallux varus deformity can make wearing shoes or sandals uncomfortable.
What is genu Varus and genu valgus?
Genu varum, Genu valgum, Genu recurvatum. 1. Physiologic genu varum is a deformity with a tibiofemoral angle of at least 10 degrees of varus, a radiographically normal physis, and apex lateral bowing of the proximal end of the tibia and often the distal end of the femur. Click to see full answer.