Which disease is caused by parvovirus B19?

Which disease is caused by parvovirus B19?

Parvovirus B19 infects only humans. It most commonly causes fifth disease, a mild rash illness that usually affects children.

Is there a vaccine for parvovirus B19?

A clinical-grade recombinant virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine has been developed to prevent human parvovirus B19 (HPVB19) infection, which can have severe and potentially fatal complications in susceptible populations.

Can you get parvovirus B19 more than once?

You can get a rash on your face and body It is more common in children than adults. Some people may get a second rash a few days later on their chest, back, buttocks, or arms and legs.

Can parvovirus in humans cause lupus?

Acute parvovirus B19 infection has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune conditions, including systemic lupus erythematosus. Viruses, including human parvovirus B19, may trigger bouts of systemic lupus erythematosus in genetically susceptible individuals.

Can you get parvovirus B19 twice?

Healthy children and adults tend to recover from fifth disease without complications. People who have fifth disease typically become immune to the virus. As a result, you are unlikely to get fifth disease more than once.

How to treat parvovirus B19?

Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is effective for treating fever in patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection.

  • Resolution of infection depends on the presence of immunoglobulins against parvovirus B19.
  • Patients in aplastic crisis require packed RBC transfusions.
  • How can parvovirus B19 be treated or prevented?

    Treatment may include the following: Acetaminophen or ibuprofen is effective for treating fever in patients with parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection. Fever does not always require treatment with antipyretics; however, consider antipyretics if a patient appears clinically uncomfortable.

    What does a high parvovirus B19 IgG mean?

    Parvovirus B19-specific IgG antibody test is used to assess the presence of and immunity from parvovirus B19. When an individual gets infected with human parvovirus due to exposure to high temperatures, they will have detectable levels of immunoglobin antibodies in their body lasting from several weeks to several months.

    What does a positive parvovirus B19 IgG mean?

    What does the test result mean? Antibody testing If both parvovirus B19 IgG and IgM are present, then it is likely that the person tested has an active, or had a recent, parvovirus infection. This can be confirmed by measuring IgG levels again 2 or 3 weeks later. A high level of IgG is not as important as an increasing concentration of antibody.