Where is HMS Challenger now?
The United States Space Shuttle Challenger was named after the ship. Her figurehead is on display in the foyer of the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton.
When was the first voyage of the HMS Challenger?
Modern oceanography began with the Challenger Expedition between 1872 and 1876. It was the first expedition organized specifically to gather data on a wide range of ocean features, including ocean temperatures seawater chemistry, currents, marine life, and the geology of the seafloor.
Who went on a 3 year voyage on the HMS Challenger?
The expedition, led by Captain George Nares, sailed from Portsmouth, England, on 21 December 1872. Other naval officers included Commander John Maclear. Under the scientific supervision of Thomson himself, the ship travelled nearly 70,000 nautical miles (130,000 km; 81,000 mi) surveying and exploring.
How long did the Challenger voyage last?
The route of HMS Challenger. The expedition lasted 1,000 days and covered more than 68,000 nautical miles.
What happened to the HMS Challenger when it arrived in New Holland?
Challenger was wrecked off Mocha Island, Chile on 19 May 1835, with the loss of two lives.
What was the maximum depth recorded by the Challenger Expedition?
Challenger as part of the first global oceanographic cruise. The Challenger scientists recorded a depth of 4,475 fathoms (about five miles, or eight kilometers) using a weighted sounding rope.
What did the second HMS Challenger do 1951?
In 1951, the HMS Challenger II undertook a 2-year survey of precise deep-sea measurements of the world ocean. The deepest depth measured was in the Mariannas Trench.
Who was on the HMS Challenger Expedition?
George Strong Nares
HMS Challenger, a wooden corvette of 2,306 tons, was commanded by Captain (later Sir) George Strong Nares, while Sir C. Wyville Thomson supervised the scientific staff.
What does the HMS Challenger stand for?
Eight ships of the Royal Navy have been named HMS Challenger, most famously the fifth, the survey vessel Challenger that carried the Challenger expedition from 1872 to 1876. The research ship Glomar Challenger, the Apollo 17 lunar module and the Space Shuttle Challenger were named after this ship.
Who funded the HMS Challenger?
The Royal Navy lent the venture a strong, sturdy ship that had spent the first decade of its life on active duty: HMS Challenger. Preparations then began in earnest. Fifteen of the ship’s 17 guns were removed to make space for on-board laboratories and workrooms.
How long was the voyage of the HMS Challenger?
The 1870s voyage of HMS Challenger lasted 1,000 days and covered more than 68,000 nautical miles. Many consider it to be the first true oceanographic expedition because it yielded a wealth of information about the marine environment.
What was the purpose of the 1874 HMS Challenger?
HMS Challenger under sail, 1874. The Challenger expedition of 1872–1876 was a scientific exercise that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography. The expedition was named after the mother vessel, HMS Challenger.
What did the Challenger expedition of 1872-76 discover?
HMS Challenger in 1874. The Challenger expedition of 1872–76 was a scientific exercise that made many discoveries to lay the foundation of oceanography.
How did the Challenger ship get its name?
The expedition was named after the mother vessel, HMS Challenger . Prompted by Charles Wyville Thomson —of the University of Edinburgh and Merchiston Castle School —the Royal Society of London obtained the use of Challenger from the Royal Navy and in 1872 modified the ship for scientific tasks,…