What were the terms of the Sykes-Picot Agreement?
Its provisions were as follows: (1) Russia should acquire the Armenian provinces of Erzurum, Trebizond (Trabzon), Van, and Bitlis, with some Kurdish territory to the southeast; (2) France should acquire Lebanon and the Syrian littoral, Adana, Cilicia, and the hinterland adjacent to Russia’s share, that hinterland …
How did the Sykes-Picot Agreement cause conflict?
The Sykes-Picot agreement divided up the middle-east between colonial powers without consulting anyone living there and in doing so broke agreements that many Arab nationalists thought they had with the British Empire. They had revolted against the Ottomans with British aid for their own nations.
What was the Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 quizlet?
What was the Sykes-Picot agreement? The 1916 secret agreement between Britain and France that divided up the Arab lands of Lebanon, Syria, southern Turkey, Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq.
Which 1916 treaty between Britain and France was known as a line in the sand?
The Sykes-Picot Agreement
On May 16, 1916—100 years ago this week—the British and the French signed a secret deal to redraw the borders of the Middle East. The Sykes-Picot Agreement ignored the political aspirations of Arabs and divided the Middle East between Britain and France, defining Middle Eastern politics to this day.
How did the Ottoman Empire fall?
Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed VI, was deposed and left the capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in a British warship.
What did the Sykes-Picot Agreement do to the Middle East?
The Sykes-Picot Agreement created the modern Middle East. It represents one of the first instalments in a long line of modern European – and subsequent American – meddling in the region. And, in providing a set of unrealistic and impossible promises to the Arabs, it led directly to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Why was the Sykes-Picot Agreement important?
In the Sykes-Picot agreement, concluded on May 19, 1916, France and Britain divided up the Arab territories of the former Ottoman Empire into spheres of influence. Also, Britain and France would retain free passage and trade in the other’s zone of influence.
Who created the Sykes-Picot Agreement quizlet?
The Sykes Picot agreement was a secret agreement that was concluded by two British and French diplomats, Sir Mark Sykes and Georges Picot.
Who was Sykes?
Sykes was an English political adviser, diplomat, politician, military man and traveller. He represented his country in secret talks with France and Russia to partition the territories of the Ottoman Empire in the Arab Orient and Anatolia. Sykes signed what became known as the Sykes-Picot agreement.