What is Z in economics?

What is Z in economics?

Z refers to the demand for goods, Y to the production of goods, Y = Z will be an equilibrium condition. ‘Goods’ is meant to include services.

What are the 4 economic terms?

Four key economic concepts—scarcity, supply and demand, costs and benefits, and incentives—can help explain many decisions that humans make.

What does N Mean economics?

Net present value A measure used to help decide whether or not to proceed with an INVESTMENT. Net means that both the costs and benefits of the investment are in cluded.

What words are related to economics?


  • business.
  • dealing.
  • dealings.
  • economics.
  • exchange.
  • industry.
  • marketing.
  • merchandising.

What is G in economics?

“G” ( government spending ) is the sum of government expenditures on final goods and services. It includes salaries of public servants, purchase of weapons for the military, and any investment expenditure by a government.

What is Keynesian cross model?

The expenditure-output model, sometimes also called the Keynesian cross diagram, determines the equilibrium level of real GDP by the point where the total or aggregate expenditures in the economy are equal to the amount of output produced.

What are the 5 economic principles?

There are five basic principles of economics that explain the way our world handles money and decides which investments are worthwhile and which ones aren’t: opportunity cost, marginal principle, law of diminishing returns, principle of voluntary returns and real/nominal principle.

What are the 5 core concepts in economics?

The following are key concepts/big ideas in economics: Scarcity results in choices with opportunity costs. Values influence economic choices. Markets provide incentives and ration scarce resources.

What does B stand for in economics?

b = marginal propensity to consume (the % of extra income that is spent). Also known as induced consumption.

What does P stand for economics?

Economics symbols in alphabetical order

Letter Symbol Quantity
p present
po payout
pv present value
R rate

What’s another word for financially?

What is another word for financially?

businesswise commercially
economically fiscally
industrially monetarily
capitalistically profitwise
saleswise cashwise

What are economic terms?

Xi Jinping is heavily guided by Marxist theory, particularly as viewed through a Chinese lens. While Marx called for capitalism to be entirely overturned, the first leader of economic reform in China, Deng Xiaoping, stated, “Both planning and the market are economic means.

What are the terms of Economics?

“The transformation to an economy and society that care about environmental, social and governance (ESG) need a transition in various aspects of management, administration and frame of mind in making policy,” he added.

What is economic term?

The first word, economic, refers to an economy. An economy is made up of all of the financial transactions between companies and consumers in a region or country. Generally, when an economy is referred to, it is toward a specific country. For example, we hear about the U.S. economy every day in the news.

What is economy in simple terms?


  • Agriculture
  • Services