What is the best time to collect a sputum sample?
Best time of day to collect sputum is when you first wake. Do not eat, drink or smoke before coughing up sputum from the lungs. Rinse (do not swallow) the mouth with water before sputum is collected to minimize residual food particles, mouthwash, or oral drugs that might contaminate the specimen.
Why is morning the best time to get a sputum sample?
Collection of early morning specimens is preferred because of the overnight accumulation of secretions; however, you may collect specimens at any time for patients who have a deep cough that is readily productive. Collect sputum in a sterile container for processing and examination.
How do you collect TB sputum sample?
Take a very deep breath and hold the air for 5 seconds. Slowly breathe out. Take another deep breath and cough hard until some sputum comes up into your mouth. Spit the sputum into the plastic cup.
What time of day is best to collect a sputum specimen quizlet?
When is the best time to collect a sputum sample from a patient? In the morning before they have had their breakfast.
Should I refrigerate sputum sample?
Sputum for Cytology CytoLyt™ tube ▪ Collect a total of three samples on separate days. Put all of the samples in one container. Do not keep the samples in the refrigerator. Return all of the samples to the clinic at one time on the third day of collecting the samples.
How much sputum is needed for TB test?
At least three consecutive sputum specimens are needed, each collected in 8- to 24- hour intervals, with at least one being an early morning specimen. A TB patient has coughed up sputum and is spitting it into a sterile container.
How do you document sputum?
When documenting sputum production, record the colour, amount and consistency of the sputum, because this information provides indications of improvement or deterioration in the patient’s condition and the effectiveness of treatment.
What is sputum test for TB?
A sputum culture is a test to find germs (such as TB bacteria) that can cause an infection. A sample of sputum is added to a substance that promotes the growth of bacteria. If no bacteria grow, the culture is negative. If bacteria grow, the culture is positive.
Why might the collection of a sputum specimen be delayed up to 2 hours?
Why might the collection of a sputum specimen be delayed up to 2 hours? The patient is taking an afternoon nap. Specimen collection must be postponed for 1 to 2 hours after eating or the administration of a tube feeding, so the procedure would have to be delayed if the patient has just finished having lunch.
How much sputum is needed for a sputum test?
The necessary amount of sputum for most tests is 5 ml (about 1 teaspoon). However, multiple tests are often ordered so more specimen may be needed. Some testing is best done on serial specimens, so you may be asked to collect for three days in a row.
How long can a sputum sample stay in the fridge?
The Manual of Clinical Microbiology says sputum can be refrigerated for up to 24 hours or kept at room temperature for up to two hours prior to processing for potential pathogens.