What is the alkane formula for propane?

What is the alkane formula for propane?

Straight-Chain and Branched Alkanes

Table 1. Summary of the Straight-Chain Alkanes
Name Formula Boiling Point (°C)
Propane C3H8 -42.1
Butane C4H10 -0.5°
Pentane C5H12 36.1

What is the formula of methane and propane?

Table: Structural Formulas of the First Ten Continuous-chain Alkanes

Name Molecular Formula Structural Formula
Methane CH4 CH4
Ethane C2H6 CH3CH3
Propane C3H8 CH3CH2CH3
Butane C4H10 CH3CH2CH2CH3

How many CC and CH bonds are in propane respectively?

The chemical formula of propane is C3H8. Propane has single bonds between the carbon atoms (C-C-C) and 3 hydrogen atoms attached to the terminal carbons while only 2 hydrogen atoms are attached to the central atom by a single bond. This accounts for 2 C-C bonds and 8 C-H bonds resulting in a ratio of 1:4.

Why is propane an alkane?

Hydrocarbons which contain only single bonds are called alkanes. They are called saturated hydrocarbons because there is a hydrogen in every possible location. This gives them a general formula CnH2n+2. The first four alkanes are methane, ethane, propane, and butane with the Lewis symbols shown below.

What is the functional group of propane?

Name Example
Alkane CH3CH2CH3 (propane)
Alkene CH3CH=CH2 (propene)
Alkyne CH3C CH (propyne)
Alkyl halide CH3Br (methyl bromide)

Is propane an alkene?

Alkane is the simplest hydrocarbon with only C-C single bonds. The chain alkane fits the general formula of CnH2n+2 (n: positive integer), and the number of H atoms reaches the maximum level in chain alkanes….2.1 Structures of Alkenes.

Number of Carbons 3
Name propane
Formula (CnH2n+2) C3H8
Condensed Structure CH3CH2CH3