What is meant by the terms popolo grasso and popolo minuto?
The popolo grasso was composed of wealthy and influential professionals and guild members who controlled trade and civic administration. The popolo grasso eventually developed its own aristocracy as the nouveau riche became established and the old feudal nobility died out or became impoverished. popolo minuto.
Who were popolo grasso?
In the writings of medieval chroniclers and modern historians, the term popolo grasso (“fat people”) refers to the wealthy middle class of merchants and businessmen that dominated the economic and political life of the Italian communes.
What is the Populo Grosso?
(literally, plump urban citizens), a stratum of wealthy townsmen in Italian communes of the 13th through 15th centuries.
What were communes in the Renaissance?
During the early Renaissance, “The northern Italian cities were communes, sworn associations of free men seeking complete political and economic independence from local nobles.” (415) Merchant guilds formed these communes, regulated trade, built and maintained city walls, kept civil order, and raised taxes.
What was the relationship of the Popolo to communes in Italian cities during the Renaissance?
What was the relationship of the popolo to communes in Italian cities during the Renaissance? The popolo led revolts against the communes that were put down by the merchant elite. How did Venice become an enormously rich city by the twelfth century?
How did the Medicis influence the Renaissance?
The Medici family ruled the city of Florence throughout the Renaissance. They had a major influence on the growth of the Italian Renaissance through their patronage of the arts and humanism. The Medici family were wool merchants and bankers. Both businesses were very profitable and the family became extremely wealthy.
How was society organized in Renaissance Italy?
The people of Renaissance Florence, like most city–states of the era, were composed of four social classes: the nobles, the merchants, the tradesmen and the unskilled workers. They owned most of the city’s land, so the nobles controlled. The nobles served as military officers, royal advisers and as politicians.
What was the result of the Ciompi Revolt?
On August 31 a large group of the ciompi that had gathered in the Piazza della Signoria was easily routed by the combined forces of the major and minor guilds. In reaction to this revolutionary episode, the ciompi guild was abolished, and within four years the dominance of the major guilds was restored.
What family controlled Florence?
Medici family, French Médicis, Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and, later, Tuscany during most of the period from 1434 to 1737, except for two brief intervals (from 1494 to 1512 and from 1527 to 1530).
What were the communes proper?
At their heart, communes were sworn allegiances of mutual defense. When a commune formed, all participating members gathered and swore an oath in a public ceremony, promising to defend each other in times of trouble, and to maintain the peace within the city proper.
Why were Italian communes politically unstable?
These communes happened in the northern cities of Italy. The importance of communes is that it formed a powerful oligarchy, but due to the rivalry among powerful families in the oligarchy, the Italian communes were often politically unstable. individualism. Individualism is the importance of an individual.
What does popolo grasso mean in English?
Popolo Grasso. (literally, plump urban citizens), a stratum of wealthy townsmen in Italian communes of the 13th through 15th centuries.
What was the Popolo in Italy?
Popolo. From 1250 to 1260 it controlled the government (in the regime known as il primo popolo ), and after the seizure of power in 1282 its power was firmly established. By the beginning of the 14th century, its priors, chosen from among guild members, formed the supreme executive of the commune.
What was the Florentine Popolo?
Among the triumphant Florentine popolo, the members of the seven richest guilds — legally defined as the greater guilds ( arti mag-giori )— enjoyed a majority on all governing councils except for a few decades in the 14th century — from 1343 to 1382.
What is popolo minuto in sociology?
The term popolo minuto (“small [or common] people”) refers to the lower-middle class of proprietors of small shops and small merchants denied direct participation in government; it is sometimes extended to include the wage-earning proletariat, the most economically deprived group.