What is meant by biological diversity?
Biological diversity refers to the global variety of species and ecosystems and the ecological processes of which they are part, covering three components: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
What is biological diversity and why is it important?
Biodiversity includes the number of different organisms and their relative frequencies in an ecosystem. It also reflects the organization of organisms at different levels. Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources.
Who defined biological diversity?
1980 – Thomas Lovejoy introduced the term biological diversity to the scientific community in a book. It rapidly became commonly used. 1985 – According to Edward O. Wilson, the contracted form biodiversity was coined by W. G. Rosen: “The National Forum on BioDiversity was conceived by Walter G.Rosen …
What is the difference between biodiversity and biological diversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is biodiversity in biology class 11?
In simple terms, biodiversity is the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographic region. It relates to the variability among living organisms on the earth, including the variability within and between the species and that within and between the ecosystems.
What is the importance of Biological Diversity?
The Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE) – New Delhi-based environmental research group – in its analysis of the Bill said that the principal aims of the proposed legislation was to “reduce the compliance burden” and facilitate investment. “Conservation of biological resources is clearly the last priority.
What does biological diversity mean?
“Biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part.
What is diversity in biology?
What is diversity in biology? “Biological diversity” means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
What is biodiversity and why is it important?
– provisioning services—the production of food, fibre, water and medicines – regulating services—the control of climate and diseases – supporting services—nutrient cycling and crop pollination – cultural services—such as spiritual and recreational benefits.