What is a congregation in the Catholic Church?
A congregation is a large gathering of people, often for the purpose of worship. Congregation may also refer to: Church (congregation), a Christian organization meeting in a particular place for worship. Congregation (Roman Curia), an administrative body of the Catholic Church.
What do you mean by congregation of the faithful?
The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF; Latin: Congregatio pro Doctrina Fidei) is the oldest among the nine congregations of the Roman Curia. It was founded to defend the church from heresy; today, it is the body responsible for promulgating and defending Catholic doctrine.
What is the Holy Office at Vatican?
The Palace of the Holy Office (Italian: Palazzo del Sant’Uffizio) is a building in Rome which is an extraterritorial property of Vatican City. It houses the curial Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. The palace is situated south of St. Peter’s Basilica near the Petriano Entrance to Vatican City.
What did the Holy Office do?
noun Roman Catholic Church. a congregation founded in 1542 to succeed the suppressed Inquisition and entrusted with matters pertaining to faith and morals, as the judgment of heresy, the application of canonical punishment, and the examination of books and prohibition of those held dangerous to faith and morals.
What constitutes a congregation?
Definition of congregation 1a : an assembly of persons : gathering especially : an assembly of persons met for worship and religious instruction. b : a religious community: such as. (1) : an organized body of believers in a particular locality The pastor delivered a lengthy sermon to the congregation.
What was the Congregation of the Inquisition also known as?
In 1908, the congregation was renamed the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office and in 1965 it was renamed again and is now known as the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
What curia means?
1a : a division of the ancient Roman people comprising several gentes of a tribe. b : the place of assembly of one of these divisions. 2a : the court of a medieval king. b : a court of justice. 3 often capitalized : the body of congregations, tribunals, and offices through which the pope governs the Roman Catholic …
What is the church congregation called?
Come to think of it, a congregation of church members is often called a “flock.”
What is the purpose of congregation?
Congregations also provide a key functional role in communities by providing places of refuge, service, convening, and, most importantly, as vehicles to transmit personal and social values.
What do you call members of a congregation?
congregant – a member of a congregation (especially that of a church or synagogue)
What does a congregation do together?
an assembly of persons brought together for common religious worship. the act of congregating or the state of being congregated.
What is the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith responsible for?
Roman Curia The Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith is responsible for safeguarding the doctrine on faith and morals. Though a successor of the notorious Roman Inquisition and, more recently, of the Holy Office, this congregation is now primarily intended to make positive efforts to promote theological…
What is the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office?
Formerly called the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, and then between 1908 and 1965 the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office, it is still informally known in many Catholic countries as the Holy Office ( Latin: Sanctum Officium ).
What is the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the doctrine of the faith?
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Formerly known as the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, it is informally known in many Catholic countries as the Holy Office, and between 1908 and 1965 was officially known as the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office .
What is the Holy Office of the doctrine of the faith?
In many Catholic countries, the body is often informally called the Holy Office (e.g., Italian: Sant’Uffizio and Spanish: Santo Oficio ). The congregation’s name was changed to Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (SCDF) on 7 December 1965, at the end of the Second Vatican Council.
What is the function of the Pope’s Congregation for the doctrine of Christ?
Founded by Pope Paul III in 1542, the congregation’s sole objective is to “spread sound Catholic doctrine and defend those points of Christian tradition which seem in danger because of new and unacceptable doctrines.” Its headquarters are at the Palace of the Holy Office, just outside Vatican City.