What are the benefits of contrastive analysis?
These plurilingual approaches share some common features: – they consider as an advantage lexical similarity between related languages. – they encourage foreign language learning. – they exploit the learner’s previous linguistic knowledge.
Why contrastive analysis is important in language learning?
The goal of contrastive analysis is to predict linguis- tic difficulties experienced during the acquisition of a second language; as formulated by Lado (1957), it suggests that difficulties in acquiring a new (second) language are derived from the differences between the new language and the native (first) language of …
What are the various types of contrastive analysis?
Since contrastive analysis can be carried out in different linguistic frameworks, there are the structural, transformational, stratificational, or systemic contrastive studies.
How do you do a contrastive analysis?
A contrastive analysis must proceed through four steps: description, selection, contrast, and prediction. Most analyses are weakened by insufficient care at one or more of these steps, each of which is beset with problems.
What are the principles of contrastive analysis?
Contrastive studies are based on statistical equivalence, translation equivalence, system (system equivalence), constructions (semanto-syntactic equivalence), rules (rule equivalence), phonological and lexical contrastive studies (substantial equivalence) and pragmatically equivalent texts.
What are the pedagogical values of contrastive analysis?
Contrastive analysis is concerned with both similarities and differences between languages at a particular level, i.e. phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic and pragmatic for a particular purpose, especially teaching and translation.
What is contrastive analysis in language acquisition?
Contrastive analysis is the systematic study of a pair of languages with a view to identifying their structural differences and similarities. Historically it has been used to establish language genealogies.
What are objects of comparing in contrastive analysis studies?
Contrastive analysis compares two or more languages with the aim of describing their similarities and differences, providing better descriptions and better teaching materials for language learners.
What is contrastive analysis according to expert?
What is contrastive analysis hypothesis?
Contrastive analysis hypothesis is an area of comparative linguistics which is concerned with the comparison of two or more languages to determine the differences or similarities between them, either for theoretical purposes or purposes external to the analysis itself.
What is the role of contrastive analysis in teaching?
The main function of contrastive analysis in language teaching should be that of explaining why errors occur rather than predicting error (which is best accomplished by careful statistical analysis of actual mistakes).
What is the contrastive analysis hypothesis?
The contrastive analysis hypothesis (CA), states that where the first language and the target language are similar, learners will generally acquire structures with ease, and where they are different, learners will have difficulty.
Is contrastive analysis sufficient for the investigation of second language learning problems?
Presently, a number of proponents of an error analysis approach to the investigation of 2nd language learning argue that contrastive analysis (CA) apriori is inadequate as an account of target language learning problems.
How do you do a comparative analysis of grammar?
Contrastive analysis of grammar should begin by identifying the grammatical systems or categories in the two languages which are relatable to more or less the same semantic field, and then observing the different ways in which the two languages partition this field.