What are general comments by the Human Rights Committee?
A general comment is a treaty body’s interpretation of human rights treaty provisions, thematic issues or its methods of work. General comments often seek to clarify the reporting duties of State parties with respect to certain provisions and suggest approaches to implementing treaty provisions.
What is the right to no discrimination?
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, as amended, protects employees and job applicants from employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.
What is the right to equality and non discrimination?
equality Rights (1) Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability .
Are General Comments binding?
2.3. It is commonly acknowledged that General Comments are not legally binding. The views expressed by governments and judges bear this out, with both groups stating that General Comments are important and expert pronouncements on Covenant issues, but not legally binding.
What does non-discrimination mean?
Definition of nondiscrimination : the absence or avoidance of discrimination … officially affirming a federal government policy of nondiscrimination in employment.— Benjamin Quarles … passed nondiscrimination ordinances protecting transsexuals in schools, jobs and housing.—
What do the articles 14 18 in the Constitution declare?
Right to Equality (Articles 14 – 18) The right to equality provides for the equal treatment of everyone before the law, prevents discrimination on various grounds, treats everybody as equals in matters of public employment, and abolishes untouchability, and titles (such as Sir, Rai Bahadur, etc.).
Are general comments authoritative?
In other words, while the General Comments of the CRPD Committee as such are not legally binding instruments, they are highly authoritative interpretations of individual human rights or of the legal nature of human rights obligations enshrined in the Convention.
What does Article 14 18 say about equality?
What is the purpose of the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights?
The ICESCR aims to ensure the protection of economic, social and cultural rights including: the right to self-determination of all peoples (article 1); the right to non-discrimination based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status ( …
What is the right to the highest attainable standard of health?
“The right to the highest attainable standard of health” implies a clear set of legal obligations on states to ensure appropriate conditions for the enjoyment of health for all people without discrimination.
What is non-discrimination?
1 Non-discrimination, together with equality before the law and equal protection of the law without any discrimination, constitute a basic and general principle relating to the protection of human rights.
What is the International Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination?
[i] International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, opened for signature December 21, 1965, Art. 1 (1), 195 UNTS 660. [ii] See Article 2 (1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights as well as Article 2 (2) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
What is Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of human rights?
Article 26 not only entitles all persons to equality before the law as well as equal protection of the law but also prohibits any discrimination under the law and guarantees to all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination on any ground such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion,…
What constitutes discrimination on the basis of race?
Although the above definition only covers the practice of discrimination based on grounds of race, colour, descent and national or ethnic origin, any unjustifiable differential treatment based on sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, property, birth and other status can also amount to discrimination.