Is hydrogen gas flammable or explosive?
Hydrogen used in the fuel cells is a very flammable gas and can cause fires and explosions if it is not handled properly. Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas.
Is h2 flammable?
It’s the diatomic hydrogen gas that is extremely flammable. Hydrogen will combust at concentrations as low as 4 percent up to 75 percent.
Why is h2 explosive?
Hydrogen gas is very flammable. The heat given off by the candle provides the activation energy required for the reaction that produces water from hydrogen and oxygen. This reaction is highly exothermic, producing the prodigious explosion.
How many ppm of hydrogen is explosive?
For instance, the LEL for methane (CH4) = 5.0% volume, while the LEL for propane (C3H8) = 2.1% volume. The lower explosive limit (100% LEL) concentration for hydrogen is about 4.0% volume, which is equal to 40,000 ppm.
Is hydrogen the most explosive gas?
Hydrogen possesses the NFPA 704’s highest rating of 4 on the flammability scale because it is flammable when mixed even in small amounts with ordinary air; ignition can occur at a volumetric ratio of hydrogen to air as low as 4% due to the oxygen in the air and the simplicity and chemical properties of the reaction.
What percentage of hydrogen in air is explosive?
Hydrogen gas forms combustible or explosive mixtures with the atmospheric oxygen over a wide range of concentrations in the range 4.0%–75% and 18%–59%, respectively.
What is the flammable range of h2s?
The explosive range of hydrogen sulfide in air is 4.5 to 45.5 percent. This range is much higher than the PEL. Hydrogen sulfide is a highly flammable, explosive gas, and can cause possible life-threatening situations if not properly handled.
Is hydrogen explosive without oxygen?
A chemist would say this chemical change is exothermic (heat out). Now picture those hydrogen atoms in a water molecule. They are already in a stable state, and do not posess the potential energy of H atoms attached to each other. They do not explode on contact with oxygen because they don’t have energy to give off.
What is the lower explosive limit of H2S?
Hydrogen sulfide is explosive between the lower explosive limit of 4.3 percent — air is too lean to burn — and the upper explosive limits of 46 percent — air is too rich to burn.
Is h2 volatile?
Hydrogen is explosive, but supply is a bigger issue for the nascent industry. For all the volatility of a gas like hydrogen, which combusts with one-tenth the energy required for gasoline, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are safer than cars with internal combustion engines, according to industry experts.
What are the limits of flammability of hydrogen in air?
The flammability limits based on the volume percent of hydrogen in oxygen at 14.7 psia (1 atm, 101 kPa) are 4.0 and 94.0.” “The limits of detonability of hydrogen in air are 18.3 to 59 percent by volume”  
What is the explosive potential of hydrogen gas?
Hydrogen explosion represents a considerable hazard. Hydrogen gas forms combustible or explosive mixtures with the atmospheric oxygen over a wide range of concentrations in the range 4.0%–75% and 18%–59%, respectively.
How far away can a hydrogen explosion be heard?
• No pressure wave detected in near field less than 0.8 km • Explosion heard 3.2 km away • Wide spread minor damage near hydrogen discharge, but superficial • Estimate 10 kg of H 2involved in the explosion • TNT equivalent of 8%
How much H2 is in a Polysar explosion?
• No pressure wave detected in near field less than 0.8 km • Explosion heard 3.2 km away • Wide spread minor damage near hydrogen discharge, but superficial • Estimate 10 kg of H 2involved in the explosion • TNT equivalent of 8% Jackass Flat (Nevada) January 9, 1964 Polysar (April 19, 1984) • Unconfined H 2-air explosion • Rapid release of H