How should we manage salmon populations?
These include improving fish passage by removing or modifying dams so salmon can reach freshwater spawning and rearing areas critical to their survival, understanding and improving historically low salmon survival in the ocean, and supplementing wild populations with hatchery-raised Atlantic salmon.
Who manages salmon in the ocean?
Pacific Fishery Management Council
NOAA Fisheries works with the Pacific Fishery Management Council and the Pacific Salmon Commission to manage harvest of salmon off the coasts of California, Oregon, Washington, and Canada.
Who manages salmon in Alaska?
The salmon fisheries in the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) off Alaska are managed under the Fishery Management Plan for the Salmon Fisheries in the EEZ off the Coast of Alaska (salmon FMP).
How can we protect salmon habitat?
At and Around the Home
- Reduce runoff.
- Avoid paving or use permeable or porous pavement.
- Garden for healthy streams and to protect backyard wildlife habitat.
- Safely dispose of batteries, motor oil, and other hazardous wastes.
- Get more ideas from the Puget Sound Partnership.
- Plant a rain garden to filter stormwater runoff.
Why is salmon population decreasing?
There are many reasons for the decline in salmon populations. Overfishing is another source of death that can contribute to the decline of salmon. The weather affects the amount of food that is available to salmon in the ocean. Pollution and disease have also contributed to population declines.
What are the threats to salmon?
Threats. Threats to wild Pacific salmon include illegal harvest (poaching), habitat destruction from development and mining activities, dams and other blockages in rivers, unregulated overharvesting, and a rapidly changing climate.
How does salmon fishery work?
First, the salmon are hatched from eggs and raised on land in freshwater tanks. When they are 12 to 18 months old, the smolt (juvenile salmon) are transferred to floating sea cages or net pens anchored in sheltered bays or fjords along a coast. This farming in a marine environment is known as mariculture.
Where are salmon commercially fished?
State of Alaska
Commercial Fisheries Salmon is the most valuable commercial fishery managed by the State of Alaska. Commercial fisheries for salmon extend from Ketchikan to Kotzebue, as well as deep into the interior of Alaska along the Yukon and Kuskokwim rivers.
What are the types of fisheries management?
In general terms, the goals in fisheries management can be divided into four subsets: biological; ecological; economic and social, where social includes political and cultural goals.