How is Citrobacter freundii transmitted?

How is Citrobacter freundii transmitted?

MODE OF TRANSMISSION: Citrobacter may be spread by direct contact with hospital staff members, mother to child transmission or through ingestion of environmental sources (fecal-oral route) but person-to-person transmission is more prevalent 7, 11.

Can Citrobacter freundii cause pneumonia?

Citrobacter spp. have been implicated in a wide array of disease processes, including urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and bacteremia.

What is Citrobacter freundii sensitive to?

An examination of 99 field and reference strains of Citrobacter freundii showed 79% of them to be resistant to cephaloridine and sensitive to carbenicillin, while 96% of 45 field and reference strains of Citrobacter koseri examined were sensitive to cephaloridine and resistant to carbenicillin.

Does doxycycline treat Citrobacter freundii?

Due to the empirical study we concluded that Citrobacter bacteria expressed the strong resistance to kanamycin, streptomycin and chloramphenicol. While to doxycycline, gentamicin, neomycin, moxi- floxacin, ampicillin, amoxicillin, the majority of isolated citrobacter showed quite good sensitivity.

Is Citrobacter freundii anaerobic?

Citrobacter freundii (C. freundii) is a motile, facultative anaerobe, non-sporing gram-negative bacilli colonize in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and other animals. It is also found in water, soil, and food.

Does ciprofloxacin treat Citrobacter freundii?

pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Also effective against Enterobacter cloacae, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia stuartii, Morganella morganii and Citrobacter freundii. Cipro is available as a generic under the name ciprofloxacin.

Is Citrobacter freundii pathogenic to humans?

1 Several species are pathogenic in humans, Citrobacter freundii being the most common. 2 Infections are often polymicrobial, with citrobacter making up one element. 3 Immunodeficiency and foreign bodies are risk factors. Most citrobacter infections involve the urinary tract.

Is Clostridium freundii an opportunistic pathogen?

As an opportunistic pathogen, C. freundii is responsible for a number of significant opportunistic infections. It is known to be the cause of a variety of nosocomial infections of the respiratory tract, urinary tract, blood and several other normally sterile sites in patients [2].

Is Citrobacter freundii resistant to piperacillin?

Citrobacter species are a common cause of nosocomial infections associated with patients that are undergoing prolonged hospital treatments. C. freundii has recently been reported to express resistance to broad-spectrum antibiotincs including piperacillin, piperacillintazobactam, vancomycin and cephalosporins.

Can Citrobacter freundii cause diarrhea in dogs?

Citrobacter freundii Enteritis. Bacteremia and septicemia associated with Citrobacter freundii have been reported to cause mucohemorrhagic diarrhea in dogs with hemorrhagic lesions in the small intestine and colon. It is believed to be a condition of puppies and immunocompromised dogs.