How is a hydrogen fuel cell different from an internal combustion engine?

How is a hydrogen fuel cell different from an internal combustion engine?

In a fuel cell vehicle, the hydrogen fuel is combined with oxygen. While the combustion in a hydrogen- or gasoline-powered engine is converted into mechanical energy, in a fuel cell vehicle, the chemical energy from the hydrogen and oxygen is converted into electrical energy.

What makes a fuel cell more efficient than an internal combustion engine?

Fuel cells are more efficient than combustion engines as they operate at a higher thermodynamic efficiency. Combustion engines must first convert their fuel into heat, then into mechanical energy, and finally into electricity. Fuel cells skip those intermediary steps.

Is hydrogen an internal combustion engine?

A hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicle (HICEV) is a type of hydrogen vehicle using an internal combustion engine. In this way, the combustion process is much like other high temperature combustion fuels, such as kerosene, gasoline, diesel or natural gas.

What is the main problem in using hydrogen as fuel for vehicles?

Explanation: The main problem in using hydrogen as fuel for vehicles is storage of hydrogen. Hydrogen is difficult to store because it leaks easily. Moreover, it is extremely hazardous as fuel due to its low ignition temperature and high combustion energy.

Why don’t we just run internal combustion engines on hydrogen?

Hydrogen has very low density. This results in two problems when used in an internal combustion engine. Firstly, a very large volume is necessary to store enough hydrogen to give a vehicle an adequate driving range. Secondly, the energy den- sity of a hydrogen-air mixture, and hence the power output, is reduced.

Which is disadvantage in using hydrogen as a fuel in internal combustion engine?

Disadvantages of hydrogen fuel The fuel tank should thermally super insulated. Difficulty in refueling and a high chance of detonation. Safety issues, highly flammable and the chance of backfiring.

Why are hydrogen fuel cells not commonly used?

From the point of view of a filling station owner, adding hydrogen facilities is not economically viable and potentially too dangerous; this contributes to the low production numbers. The lack of ‘push’ from legislators further hinders the progress of the hydrogen fuel cell car.

What are the pros and cons of hydrogen fuel cells?

Hydrogen fuel cells Pros: No vehicle emissions other than water vapor. Fuel economy equivalent to about twice that of gasoline vehicles. Hydrogen is abundant, and can be made from renewable energy. Cons: This space-age technology is expensive.

Is hydrogen fuel cell renewable?

Renewable and Readily Available Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the Universe and despite the challenges associated with its extraction from water, is a uniquely abundant and renewable source of energy,perfect for our future zero-carbon needs for combined heat and power supplies.

How to convert engines to use hydrogen as primary fuel?

Conversion systems to be used on new and relatively new vehicles/engines;

  • Conversion systems to be used on intermediate-age vehicles/engines; and
  • Conversion systems to be used on outside useful life vehicles/engines.
  • How does hydrogen compare to gasoline?

    There is about a 64% rate of efficiency with each fuel cell. Compare this to the 20% conversion rate of gasoline energy, and you’ll notice a big difference. Overall, you can get up to 93 miles per gallon from a hydrogen car versus an average of 35 miles per gallon from a gasoline car. So, there is no doubt that hydrogen cars are more fuel efficient.

    Is hydrogen fuel safe compared to gasoline?

    Ultimately, hydrogen is no more or less dangerous than other flammable fuels including natural gas and gasoline. In some cases, what makes hydrogen different from those hydrocarbon fuels actually leads to it having greater safety benefits over gasoline and natural gas.

    What is hydrogen internal combustion engine?

    Instead, the hydrogen internal combustion engine is simply a modified version of the traditional gasoline-powered internal combustion engine. The absence of carbon means that no CO2 is produced, which eliminates the main greenhouse gas emission of a conventional petroleum engine. Hydrogen does not contain carbon.