What is temporal arteritis?

What is temporal arteritis?

Temporal Arteritis Menu. Temporal arteritis is a form of vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels). In temporal arteritis, also known as giant cell arteritis or Horton’s arteritis, the temporal arteries (the blood vessels near the temples), which supply blood from the heart to the scalp, are inflamed (swollen) and constricted (narrowed).

Which vasculitides cause vasculitis of the superficial temporal artery?

Other vasculitides such as polyarteritis nodosa, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener’s), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), or eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (eGPA) and Takayasu arteritis rarely cause vasculitis of the superficial temporal artery.

What is the difference between temporal arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica?

Often, temporal arteritis can be associated with an entity called polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR), which is an inflammatory condition affecting the shoulders, hip girdle and neck. This leads to significant stiffness and pain. PMR is far more common than temporal arteritis, but up to 30 percent of temporal arteritis patients have PMR.

Which medications are used in the treatment of temporal arteritis?

The mainstay of therapy for temporal arteritis is glucocorticoids, such as oral prednisone. Patients sometimes need to take glucorticoids for up to two years, sometimes longer; the dosage is gradually reduced over this period.

What time is the ferry from Cais do Sodré to Cacilhas?

The first ferry of the day from Cais do Sodré is at 5:35am, and the first one from Cacilhas is at 5:20am. The last one from Cais do Sodré is at 1:40am and the last one from Cacilhas is at 1:20am. When taking the ferries, avoid rush hours and try to sit by a window.

How to get to Cais do Sodré?

The square is an epicenter of the city’s nightlife, with outdoor seating, a traditional kiosk, and several bars nearby. Cais do Sodré can be reached by metro. A station of the same name is the final stop of the green line. Trams 15 and 25, both departing from Praça da Figueira, also stop in the neighborhood.

What increases my risk for temporal arteritis?

Family History: Having a family history of temporal arteritis also increases the risk. A diagnosis based on just the symptoms alone in the early stage of the disease is difficult. This is because the symptoms of temporal arteritis are not very different from those of other common conditions.

What tests are done to diagnose temporal arteritis?

If temporal arteritis is suspected, the doctor may order a biopsy, in which a small piece of the artery is removed and examined for evidence of inflammation within the vessels. Other tests that are sometimes necessary include:

Temporal arteritis. Temporal arteritis is a condition in which the temporal arteries, which supply blood to the head and brain, become inflamed or damaged. It is also known as cranial arteritis or giant cell arteritis. Although this condition usually occurs in the temporal arteries, it can occur in almost any medium to large artery in the body.

When is temporal arteritis with antineutrophil cytoplasmic vasculitides (Ta-AAV) diagnosed?

Temporal Arteritis Revealing Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitides: A Case-Control Study TA-AAV should be considered diagnostically in cases of atypical manifestations of GCA, refractoriness to glucocorticoid treatment, or early relapse.

What is the pathophysiology of giant cell arteritis?

Giant Cell Arteritis (Temporal Arteritis) The inflammation in GCA can cause swelling of the blood vessel wall and narrowing of the blood vessel lumen causing decreased blood supply to the neighboring tissues. The blood vessel may also become thrombosed causing severe ischemia or necrosis of tissues ordinarily supplied by the blood vessel.

Can an ultrasound detect temporal arteritis?

An ultrasound may provide an additional clue about whether or not you have temporal arteritis. CT and MRI scans are often not helpful. If temporal arteritis isn’t treated, serious, potentially life-threatening complications can occur. They include: An aortic aneurysm can lead to massive internal bleeding.